Lectio III: First Conjugation Verb Forms
Lectio II: First Conjugation Verbs
Now that we generally understand inflection, let’s take a GIANT step forward and start looking at verbs.
Verbs are categorized into “Conjugations,” and verbs from each Conjugation have slightly different patterns.
First Conjugation verbs:
Lectio I: Inflection
You know that mantra I always refer to during class, “IN LATIN endings change, but the bases remain the same”?
That’s because Latin (like Greek, Sanskrit, German, Russian, and Old English) inflects more of its forms than English does. In other words, we use only a handful of forms relative to highly inflected languages.
E.g. let’s look at the forms of the word “girl” in English for each possible function. (singular/plural)
Shall we look at the same noun in Latin? (n.b. the goal here is to understand inflection; DO NOT memorize!)
There’s little variation, non e vero?
In other words, saying “puellam” (accusative singular) when you mean “puellae” (genitive singular) is about the same level of wrong as using “him” when you mean “his.” Although people would be able to figure out your meaning, your language errors would make you sound like a child, or worse, a foreigner. (Romans were not too fond of foreigners: they conquered and enslaved them, as you know).